Progress of Make in India initiative
Aerospace & Defence Exports increases
The Minister of State for Commerce and Industry C. R. Chaudhary has given update on the Make in India initiative which was launched on 25 Sept 2014.
He updated the Rajya Sabha on 27 Dec 2017 on sectors:
1. Foreign Direct Investment
The total Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflow was US$160.79 billion between April 2014 and March 2017 – representing 33% of the cumulative FDI in India since April 2000.
In 2015-16, FDI inflow crossed the US$50 billion mark in one fiscal year, for the first time ever. In 2016-17, FDI inflow stood at a record of US$60 billion, highest ever recorded for a fiscal year ever.
FDI policy and procedure have been simplified and liberalized progressively.
2. Ease of Doing Business
Steps taken to improve ease of doing business include simplification and rationalisation of existing rules. As a result of the measures taken to improve the country’s investment climate, India jumped a massive 30 places to 100th in World Bank’s ease of doing business rankings as per World Bank Group’s ‘Doing Business 2018: Reforming to Create Jobs’ report.
This is driven by reforms in the areas of Starting a Business, Construction Permits, Getting Credit, Protecting Minority Investors, Paying Taxes, Trading across Borders, Enforcing Contracts, and Resolving Insolvency.
3. Sector specific achievements
During Make in India’s three-year journey, significant achievements have been witnessed across different domains. Some of key achievements across focus sectors under Make in India are as below:
(i) Aerospace & Defence
Indigenous defence products unveiled – Akash Surface to Air Missile System, Dhanush Artillery Gun system and Light Combat Aircraft.
Exports increased to Rs.2,059.18 crore (2015-16) from Rs.1,153.35 crore (2013-14).
The Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP) – 2013 amended to introduce Buy Indian-IDDM (Indigenously Designed, Developed and Manufactured).
Defence offset policy streamlined:
100% Offset claims filed during 2014-16 against 64% during 2008-2013
Industrial licensing streamlined: 119 licenses issued during 2014-16 against 217 during 2001-14.
FDI grew 6 times – from US$93 million (2011-14) to US$519 million (2014-17).
Passengers carried by domestic airlines increased by 29% 148 Million (2012-14) to 191 Million (2014-16).
National Civil Aviation Policy (NCAP) to boost regional air connectivity, establish an integrated ecosystem to promote tourism and generate employment. 160 airports being revived & operationalized; 6 greenfield airports approved; 16 Common User Domestic Cargo Terminals (CUDCT) operationalized; and the GPS-Aided Geo Augmented Navigation system (GAGAN) was launched.
(iii) Basic Metals and Cement
FDI grew 5.9 times in Mining sector- from US$213 million (2011-14) to US$1,261 million (2014-17).
India’s largest blast furnace, Kalyani commissioned at SAIL, Burnpur.
First project to generate power through green technology commissioned at Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Limited (RINL).
Expansion of RINL capacity enhancement from 3 MTPA to 6.3 MTPA.
Modernisation of IISCO Steel Plant (ISP), Burnpur: three-fold increase in the hot metal production capacity.
Modernisation of Rourkela steel plant: capacity enhancement from 2 MTPA to 4.5 MTPA.
First indigenously developed and manufactured Rotavirus vaccine, ‘Rotavac’, launched.
Current Good Manufacturing Practices (CGMP) Plant inaugurated at CSIR-IIIM, Jammu for the manufacture of phyto-pharmaceuticals.
India’s first cellulosic ethanol technology, demonstration, plant developed through indigenous technology 30 bioincubators and Biotech Parks supported.
A virtual centre launched across five Indian Institutes of Technology to develop advance technologies in the area of biofuels.
Asia’s largest MedTech Zone (AMTZ) being set up in Andhra Pradesh to host around 200 independent manufacturing units.
(v) Capital Goods & Automotive
FDI grew 1.7 times in Automobile and Auto Components – from US$3.98 billion (2011-14) to US$6.86 billion (2014-17).
15% growth in turnover of Auto components sector during 2014-16.
22% growth in exports of Auto components during 2014-16.
16% growth in exports of passenger vehicles in 2016-17.
Major Investments by Global Players- ISUZU Motors, FORD Motor, Mercedes-Benz, Suzuki Motor, Magneti Marelli.
2.9 lakh people trained by Automotive Skill Council during 2014-16.
(vi) Chemical and Petrochemicals
Assam Gas Cracker Project commissioned, expected to produce about 2.8 Lakh MT (Metric Tonne) polymers per annum and generate 1 lakh jobs.
0.44 Million MT Per Annum Polypropylene Plant commissioned at Mangalore.
Polypropylene Unit of Dahej project commissioned – capacity of 1.1 Million MT per annum of ethylene and 0.4 Million MT per annum of Propylene.
ONGC Mangalore Petrochemicals Ltd.’s aromatics complex commissioned – capacity of 914 Kilo Tonne Per Annum (KTPA) of Paraxylene and 283 KTPA of Benzene.
Four plastic parks approved in Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Assam and Tamil Nadu.
(vii) Food Processing
7 Mega Food Parks operationalized creating more than 36,000 jobs during 2014-17.
100 Cold Chain Projects operationalized, 3.69 lakh tonnes food processing capacity created.
4 Abattoirs projects completed.
Creation of quality testing food labs:
27 labs accredited by National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories (NABL).
20 laboratories notified by Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI).
(viii) Gems and Jewelry
FDI grew 3.5 times – from US$131 million (2011-14) to US$463 million (2014-17).
The world’s largest diamond bourse – Bharat Diamond Bourse, Mumbai notified as a Special Notified Zone (SNZ):
36 viewing sessions (259 days) organized.
41,01,828 carats of rough diamonds worth US$688.045 Million displayed
Jewelry Park being developed at Mumbai to boost exports and encourage local workers to use world-class infrastructure.
Four Common Facility Centres (CFCs) approved in Ahmedabad, Amreli, Visnagar and Palanpur approved.
0.91 lakh people trained.
(ix) ICTE Manufacturing
FDI grew 4.4 times in Electronics & IT sector- from US$2.77 billion (2011-14) to US$12.24 billion (2014-17).
1.9 lakh crore of electronics products manufactured indigenously in 2014-15.
95 proposals worth INR 20,185 crore approved under M-SIPS.
INR 374 crore committed for 8 Daughter Funds under Electronic Development Fund.
42 new Mobile manufacturing units setup employing 47,800 people.
3 CoE Setup for Internal security, Large Area Flexible Electronics, IoT.
5 patents filed.
(x) Leather & Leather Products
Two new branches of FDDI built in Punjab and Gujarat.
Mega Leather Clusters approved at Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, to generate 20,000 jobs.
Rs.765 lakh sanctioned for Market Access Initiative scheme in 2016-17.
Rs.297.93 lakh sanctioned for Marketing Development Assistance scheme in 2016-17.
4.28 lakh people trained.
(xi) Media and Entertainment
FDI grew 1.9 times in Information & Broadcasting – from US$1.5 billion (2011-14) to US$2.8 billion (2014-17).
Print Media Advertisement Policy 2016, to promote transparency and accountability.
Policy Guidelines for empanelment of Private FM radio stations.
National Film Heritage Mission (NFHM) launched at INR 597.41 crore.
Single window clearances for film shootings for foreign film makers in India.
Film and Television Institute approved in Arunachal Pradesh.
INR 1,000 Million allocated for community radio stations.
Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP): 1.5 lakh units setup, employment to 11 lakh persons.
Rs.135.07 crore approved for clusters, employment to 58,904 artisans
MSMEs allowed to participate for ‘Make’ projects and granted relaxation in the registration and profitability criteria.
Incubation Cell ‘Knowledge for Innovation in Trade & Technology for Entrepreneurial Start-ups’ (KITTES) set up at IIFT Delhi.
‘MyMSME’ launched to submit and track applications for schemes
5.6 lakh people trained by Tool Rooms & Technology Centres.
(xiii) New and Renewable Energy
Highest ever wind power capacity addition of 3,300 MW in 2015-16.
140% increase in solar power capacity addition during 2014-16 as compared to 2012-14.
34 solar parks of aggregate capacity of 20,000 MW sanctioned for 21 states.
Wind Atlas 2015, a Geographic Information System (GIS) launched.
31,472 solar water pumps installed in 2015-16, highest ever since 1991.
6,653 Surya Mitras trained
Renewable energy sector re-classified as ‘white category’ sector.
(xiv) Oil & Gas
Crude oil strategic storage of 5.33 Million Metric Tonne (MMT) commissioned at Visakhapatnam, Mangalore and Padur.
IOCL refinery with a capacity of 15 Million Metric Tonnes per annum (MMTPA) commissioned at Paradip, Odisha.
726 MW gas based thermal power project of ONGC Tripura Power Company (OTPC) commissioned at Palatana, Tripura.
Hydrocarbon and Exploration Licensing Policy (HELP) notified.
INDMAX (lndane Maximisation) technology developed to maximize light distillates from refinery residue.
Rs.100 crore “ONGC Startup fund” announced.
Pharmaceutical industry grew by 29% in 2015-16.
Indian Drugs and Pharmaceuticals Limited (IDPL), Gurgaon modernized for mass production of drugs for diabetes, oncology, nephrology and cardiology.
1,143 Jan Aushadi stores are operationalized.
Coronary Stents price reduced by 85%.
‘Pharma Data Bank’ launched to facilitate online filing of mandatory returns.
Pharma Jan Samadhan & Pharma Sahi Daam launched.
11 National Institutes of Pharmaceutical Education & Research (NIPERs) approved.
(xvi) Ports & Shipping
FDI grew 6.8 times in Sea Transport and Ports- from US$0.22 billion (2011-14) to US$1.5 billion (2014-17).
Highest ever capacity addition of 100.37 million tonnes in FY 2016-17,
Total turnaround time reduced by 14% and operating margin of the major ports increased by 13%.
56 new projects worth Rs.9,490.15 crore awarded in 2016-17, for capacity addition of 103.52 Million tonnes per annum (MTPA).
Sagarmala Project: 173 projects at an investment of Rs.4 lakh crore initiated; Six new mega ports and 26 port-rail connectivity projects identified.
37 National Waterways identified for development.
Electricity generation grew by 5.8% to 1,241.79 Million Units (MUs) in 2016-2017.
Lowest ever energy deficit of 0.7% in 2016-17.
Private capacity generation has increased to 135.38 GW in FY 2016-2017: 42.4% of the total power generated in the country.
60,752.62 MW generation capacity added in the sector since April 2014.
2,10,219 MVA sub-station capacity added during 2014-17.
99.3% villages electrified under Power for All.
First semi-high-speed train – Gatimaan Express launched: top speed 160 km/hr.
JV agreements worth Rs.40,000 crore signed with M/s Alstom and M/s GE.
2,828 km of Broad Gauge lines commissioned in FY 2015-16 against an average of 1,528 km during 2009-14.
Mumbai-Ahmedabad high speed rail project sanctioned at Rs.97,636 crore.
Investment of Rs.15,000 crore through PPP projects during 2015-16.
(xix) Skill Development
17.93 lakh people trained under Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY).
Apprenticeship Act modified: Employers to engage 10% of total workforce as apprentices.
33 Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendras (PMKK) set up.
Number of ITIs increased: from 10,750 in May 2014 to 13,105 in May 2016.
Five new Regional Vocational Training Institutes (RVTI) for women in skill development established.
10 lakh people trained under the Craftsmen Training Scheme in 2015-16.
(xx) Textiles and Apparel
FDI grew 2.2 times – from US$467 million (2011-14) to US$1,047 million (2014-17).
8 Apparel and garment manufacturing centres set up North Eastern Region
Integrated Textile Office Complex set up at the Indian Institute of Handloom Technology (IIHT) in Varanasi.
India Handloom Brand launched.
Special Textile Package of INR 6000 crore approved, to attract investment of USD 11 billion and create one crore jobs.
200 new production units have come up in existing textile parks in the last two years generating jobs for 11,000 persons.
9.5 lakh people trained.
e-Visa scheme extended to 161 countries, 2.5 times increase in e-visa arrivals in 2015-16.
26.2% growth in Foreign exchange Earnings: from Rs.2.3 trillion (2012-14) to Rs.2.9 trillion (2014-16).
Swadesh Darshan launched – 13 theme tourist circuits identified, 5 pan- India mega circuits identified, 56 projects worth Rs.4823.91 crore underway.
PRASAD launched – 25 cities identified, 18 projects worth Rs.488.45 crore underway.
12 Institutes of Hospitality Management has been sanctioned for North East, 4 institutes operationalized; Indian Culinary Institute setup at Tirupati.
1.85 lakh people trained under ‘Hunar se Rozgar Tak’ scheme. fii-news.com